Diarrhea, known as Atisar in Ayurveda, is a common problem that can happen to anyone irrespective of age. An average adult is usually affected by this problem at least once a year and children may have Diarrhea twice a year. Normally, the condition lasts for a couple of days and can be managed without medicines. In severe cases patients may lose bowel control, become dehydrated and experience abdominal pain and cramps.
The primary cause of Diarrhea is eating or drinking water or eating food that has been contaminated by bacteria, viruses or parasites. In addition to these, certain antibiotics are also known to cause Diarrhea. Lactose intolerance is a special condition in which consuming milk or dairy products may cause similar complications. For the lack of timely Diarrhea treatment, people in advanced age are more prone to lactose intolerance based Diarrhea. Diarrhea can become chronic because of Crohn’s Disease, Ulcerative Colitis, Celiac Disease, Microscopic Colitis and Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS).
1.Multiple loose, watery motions
2.Cramps in abdomen
3.Reduction in urine quantity
4.Bleeding with stools (in some cases)
5.Burning of anus (in some cases)
6.Low BP (in some cases)
Ayurvedic Diarrhea Treatment :
According to Ayurveda, weak gastric fire, improper food, impure water, toxins and mental stress usually cause Atisaar. Aggravated vata pulls down the fluid part from various tissues of the body and brings it into the intestine. There this fluid mixes with the stool which then leads to loose, watery motions. Depending upon which particular Dosha is vitiated, Atisaar has been classified into Vataj, Pittaj, Kaphaj, Sannipatik, Bhayaj and Shokaj types in Ayurveda, and Diarrhea treatment is different based on diagnosis of the type. Vataj Atisaar (caused mainly by vitiated Vayu) is marked by painful loose motions with sounds & foam, gases and cramps. Pittaj Atisaar (caused mainly by vitiated Pitta) causes motions with burning sensation at anus, offensive odour and varying colours like green, red, blue. Thirst, giddiness, sweating and fever are often present. Kaphaj atisaar (caused mainly by vitiated Kapha) shows sticky, oily, whitish motions with foul odour, nausea, lazy feeling and excess sleep. Sannipatik atisaar is caused by vitiation of all three Doshas and therefore have mixed characteristics. Bhayaj and Shokaj atisaar are caused by fear and grief respectively. Panchakarma treatments such as Jakra Vasti, Kashaya Vasti are beneficial.
Diet & Lifestyle Advice :
1.Sufficient intake of water and liquid foods is always adviced in diarrhoea.
2.Light, easy to digest food articles such as liquid rice, porridge are recommended. Soups made from lentils are also good in diarrhoea. Fruits like sweet lime, oranges, apple, melons are allowed.
3.Heavy, spicy, fried food is prohibited. Non-veg items, eggs are also not allowed. Sugarcane juice is also forbidden.
4.Water is advised to be boiled before drinking.
5.While goat milk is more recommended, cow’s milk may also be allowed. Buffelo milk is however forbidden. Mother’s milk is however always allowed.
Home Remedies :
1.Add 1 teaspoon of ginger to water and boil the water. Drink the mixture when it is lukewarm every one hour.
2.Take 50 gm of fresh pomegranate skin. Soak it in 800 ml of water for one hour. Boil until a quarter of the volume remains (200 ml). Store this mixture in a clean, dry bottle. Take a couple of tablespoons several times a day. If there is blood in the stools, add half a teaspoon of honey to the decoction
3.Mix one teaspoon of sugar and half a teaspoon of common salt in a cup of water. Small doses of this mixture (around a quarter cup) can be given whenever the patient is thirsty.
4.Take one teaspoon of Isabgol (psyllium husk) with one cup of yogurt.
5.Mix 1 teaspoon each of cinnamon, ginger and cumin powder with honey to make a paste. Take 1 teaspoon three times a day.
6.Roast 2/3 teaspoon of cumin seeds and powder them. Add a pinch each of ginger powder, cinnamon powder and black pepper powder. Mix in 1 cup of yogurt. Eat twice a day.